Josef Kajetán Tyl - incidental music, Op. 62, B125
Burghauser catalogue number
Date of composition
December 1881 - 23 January 1882
Premiere - date and place
3 February 1882, Prague
Provisional Theatre Orchestra, conductor Adolf Cech
Editio Supraphon, 1979, Prague
2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, timpani, bass drum, violins, violas, cellos, double basses
Parts / movements
1. Allegretto quasi polka
3. Enter'acte I (Allegro scherzando)
4. Andante con moto
6. Enter'acte II
approx. 14 min.
Dvorak wrote the incidental music Josef Kajetan Tyl at the request of the management of the Provisional Theatre to accompany the play of the same name by Frantisek Ferdinand Samberk. Samberk’s play, depicting the beginnings of Czech theatre and the life of dramatist Josef Kajetan Tyl, is intensely patriotic, a fact also reflected in the stage music: It was Samberk’s wish that, towards the end of each act, the audience would hear music derived from the themes of the song “Where is my home?” (today the Czech national anthem), whose text was the work of Tyl himself. The composer obliged but, in order to achieve the desired measure of contrast, he also used the melody of the Czech folk song “In our courtyard yonder”. The incidental music consists of eight parts: six passages of melodramatic music and two intermezzos. Dvorak also wrote an overture to the play, the only one still occasionally performed as a separate concert piece under the title My Home.