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My home 

opus number
62 
Burghauser catalogue number
125a 
composed
21 January - 23 January 1882 
premiere - date and place
3 February 1882, Praha 
premiere - performer(s)
Provisional Theatre Orchestra, conductor Adolf Cech 
main key
C major 
instrumentation 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, timpani, triangle, violins, violas, cellos, double basses
duration
approx. 10 min. 


composition history

The overture My Home is part of a programme of incidental music which Dvorak wrote at the request of the management of the Provisional Theatre to accompany the play by Frantisek Ferdinand Samberk, Josef Kajetan Tyl. Samberk’s play, depicting the beginnings of Czech theatre and the life of dramatist Josef Kajetan Tyl, is intensely patriotic, a fact also reflected in the stage music: It was Samberk’s wish that, towards the end of each act, the audience would hear music derived from the themes of the song “Where is my home?” (today the Czech national anthem), whose text was the work of Tyl himself. In addition to several passages of melodramatic music and two intermezzos, Dvorak also wrote an overture to the play, the only one still occasionally performed as a separate concert piece. The overture was published independently by the Berlin-based firm Simrock under the title Mein Heim (My Home).


formal characteristics

This piece is structured as a classical overture with a slow introduction, followed by a regular sonata-allegro form. Dvorak works with just two musical ideas; one of these is the song “Where is my home?” which, thanks to its lyrical character, takes the place of the second subject. For his main subject, the composer chose the highly contrastive melody of the Czech folk song “In our courtyard yonder” (perhaps a reference to Tyl’s play The Bagpiper of Strakonice in which the song figures). While, during the course of the work, the melody of the song “Where is my home?” initially appears as a suggestion in various melodic, harmonic and rhythmic mutations, in the coda it is given centre stage in the form of a victory march of sorts, aided by impressive instrumentation and imaginative counter-voices.